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Organic Reamson(Wild leek) Seeds TOP

Organic Reamson(Wild leek) Seeds

1.14 €
A perennial herb, leaves are used for food in raw and pickled form, in hot dishes, in bread and cakes, propagated by self-sowing, in agricultural technology, as in onions.

  • Packet Size 10/100/1000: 

  • Manufacturer country: Ukraine
  • Product code: 3345-10
  • Available: a lot of
  • Germination: 90%
  • Unit: Seeds
  • Crop year / Production date: 2022
  • Shelf life: 5 years

  • Ramson or onion bear (Wild leek)

    or wild garlic, or kalba, in Belarusian, beef cibul or beef clover.
    Perennial herbaceous plant, species of the genus Onion (Allium) of the family Onion (Alliaceae), a rare endangered species listed in the Red Book (protection category II).


    Specific epithet lat. ursinum comes from lat. ursus - "bear". This is preserved in the Russian name. In Germany, wild garlic is known as German. Berlaukh - bear green onion. Since wild garlic is one of the earliest sources of vitamins in the forest (it is harvested in April-May), a bear waking up after hibernation tastes its grass and quickly regains its strength.

    The leaves are eaten raw and pickled, in hot dishes, in bread and pies.

    The name of wild garlic is very ancient and has many correspondences in European languages: Lithuanian ("wild garlic"), Greek ("onion"), Irish ("garlic"), etc. Its meaning seems to imply strong smell, which is why bird cherry - a tree known for its powerful aroma - bears a name with the same root. In Dahl's dictionary, onion is also called bear's ear.

    The species name, derived from ursa ("bear"), is given to this plant in the form of a leaf blade, partly resembling the ear of a beast. This bow is also associated with the bear and habitat - both are mainly found in hard-to-reach places.

    Wild garlic always grows in large groups, forming extensive thickets, sometimes continuous. It occurs in intact broad-leaved and broad-leaved coniferous forests, on moist and swampy soils in islands in different parts of Belarus (more often in the western and central regions, where the northeastern border of the range of this species passes).

    As food, its bulb and false stem with the lower part of the leaves are used, which have a pleasant taste with a garlic tint. This onion has long been known and used as an excellent antisingotic remedy.

    As a rare and nutritious plant, the bear's onion is quite well studied. This is a pronounced ephemeroid, which manifests its terrestrial organs during a period that is much shorter than the warm season lasts for us. By October, its elongated narrow bulb (1-1.5 cm in diameter, 4.5 cm in height) with gray-white outer scales already has a fully formed peduncle and leaf buds. In early spring, the plant comes to life completely and immediately: its roots, leaves and flower stalks begin to grow at the same time. At this time, the bear's onion is often a temporary dominant, densely covering a large area of ​​soil with its foliage.

    Wild garlic forms several wide leaves narrowed towards the petiole and at the end (their length is up to 17 cm, width 5-8 cm), which resemble a lily of the valley leaf. This unusual leaf structure for onions reliably distinguishes bears and winning onions from other species with linear leaf blades.

    In the second year of life, wild onions form seeds. Its leaves are bent on the sides of a trihedral leafless peduncle (40-80 cm high), on which a hemispherical umbrella of 12-15 white flowers with a greenish tint is built. Wild garlic flowers with a faint honey aroma resemble six-pointed stars with pointed petals.

    Onions bloom in May and bear fruit in June, spilling black round seeds from triangular capsules onto the ground, which germinate where they fall. Ants are likely to be involved in transporting wild garlic seeds over long distances.

    By the middle of summer, the bear's onion disappears completely; its bulbs rest for a while.

    During the growing season, the old wild onion dies and dies. Plants in their prime, as a rule, lay two replaceable bulbs - this is the vegetative reproduction of the bear's onion. Two daughter bulbs are first connected by a common bottom inherited from the mother plant. With the growth of the spring root, the old stem collapses, and strong young roots begin to pull the bulbs in different directions.

    An interesting point - the roots growing on the sides of the bulbs facing each other push them apart! In this miraculous way, one plant can make movements within a radius of tens of centimeters (which, however, does not particularly affect the increase in the area occupied by the population). However, this feature of growth plays a positive role in preventing plant intoxication by the decaying remains of old bulbs and roots. With age, aging wild garlic specimens lose this curious feature, resulting in denser nests with much smaller, degenerate plants.

    Estimates of the lifespan of the bearbow in the literature vary widely, ranging from 8 to 50 years. Seedlings bloom at the age of four years, and then a spare bulb is laid for the first time.

    Phytoncides and fungicides contained in bear onions significantly affect the chemical processes in the soil and on its surface. Bear onion is an extremely valuable food plant. The delicate sweet-spicy taste of its leaves, plucked before flowering, will satisfy the most demanding gourmet. And the benefits of these leaves grown under the open air of Apriland their native (and not foreign) soil, it is difficult to overestimate. Bear onion leaves contain a significant amount of vitamin C and garlic oil, which has pronounced bactericidal properties.

    In general, the whole plant is edible fresh or canned. During the year, the pickled product is sold in the markets under the name "wild garlic" - the flower-bearing arrows of the victorious bow, which are harvested and processed in the Caucasus, and then transported through the territory of almost the entire former USSR. However, it is impossible to come up with something more useful than during the spring vitamin deficiency, just to saturate the body with fresh bear's onion herbs. Valuable honey plant, gives nectar.

    Using wild garlic in cooking
    The stem, leaves and bulb of the plant are eaten. Wild garlic leaves are usually harvested in the spring, before flowering. The taste of wild garlic leaves resembles the greens of garlic and onions, they are rich in vitamin C. The harvested herb is used fresh as a spice in salads, soups, vegetables, and as a filling for pies. Sour grass, salt and brine; it is not recommended to dry it, because in this state wild garlic loses some of its valuable qualities.

    In the Caucasus, wild garlic is mainly used in hot dishes, while raw onions, which are also harvested before flowering, are eaten with bread and salt. In Germany, bread (German Bärlauchbrot) and cakes (German Bärlauchkuchen) are also baked with wild garlic used in hot dishes instead of basil.

    Medicinal uses of wild garlic
    Bear onion increases appetite, increases the secretion of digestive glands, enhances the motor function of the intestine. In addition, the plant has a bactericidal, fungicidal and antisingotic effect.

    Ramson is an ancient medicinal plant known even to the Germans, Celts and Romans. During archaeological research in the Neolithic settlements in the foothills of the Alps, traces of wild garlic were often found, which suggests its use as early as 5000 years ago.

    Ramson has anthelmintic and antimicrobial activity (due to its high volatile content). It is recommended to use it for scurvy and atherosclerosis, in folk medicine it has been used for thousands of years, including fever, as an anthelmintic and antimicrobial agent, and for various intestinal infectious diseases.

    In ancient Rome and in the Middle Ages, wild garlic was considered a good remedy for cleansing the stomach and blood. In ancient medical treatises, wild garlic is mentioned as a reliable preservative in epidemics of plague, cholera and other infectious diseases. Wild onion infusion treats fever, cough, bronchitis, rheumatism and sciatica. Can be taken orally, rubbed in or made into lotions.

    Since ancient times, bear's onion has been known as an anti-sclerotic agent, able to "maintain courage". Wild garlic prevents the accumulation of cholesterol in the blood, stimulates heart activity, lowers blood pressure and helps to normalize metabolism.

    Meanwhile, wild garlic is easily susceptible to cultivation and may well be grown in household plots. Seeds are sown before winter, seedlings appear in April. It reproduces well by self-seeding. Agricultural technology is like an onion.